Types of Universities in India and Growth of “Private State Universities”

Private Universities in India have grown from 16 to 140 in five years (124%) and from 100 to 140 in less than a year. This is astonishing growth as only universities in India have degree awarding power. Colleges are “affiliated” to universities as teaching institutions.

Indian higher education is not only large in scope but complex in its working and evolution. One indicator is existence of four different types of universities depending on who funds them and regulates them. For example, Deemed to be Universities come under the purview of UGC and are mostly funded by private resources (Here is a previous comprehensive story and a more recent development). They were also in controversy for corruption and qualitative deficiencies for profiteering. This also tainted the name of some of the better quality private Deemed to be Universities. Here is the list of Deemed to be Universities.

Given the regulatory and media attention to the deficiencies with Deemed to be Universities, Private Universities gained traction. This is evident from their growth from 100 to 140 in less than a year as compared to no growth of Deemed to be Universities in the same period.Her is the list of Private Universities in India.

Here are some related definitions from UGC.

University is defined as “a University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, a Provincial Act or a State Act, and includes any such institution as may, in consultation with the University concerned, be recognized by the Commission in accordance with the regulations made in this behalf under this Act.”

Private University is defined as “A university established through a State/ Central Act by a sponsoring body viz. a Society registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860, or any other corresponding law for the time being in force in a State or a Public Trust or a Company registered under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956.”

Deemed University is defined as “An Institution Deemed to be University commonly known as Deemed University refers to a high‐performing institute, which has been so declared by Central Government under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956.”


Dr. Rahul Choudaha