Showing posts with the label Engineering Education

What are the latest trends with international student enrollment for master's degree?

The latest report from the Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) suggests that the demand for American degree among international students is strong.

Only 1 of 8 international students who applied to study for a master’s degree or certificate succeeded in enrolling in U.S. higher education. The report is based on a survey of 351 institutions, which enrolled nearly three-fourths of all international students in graduate programs in the United States.

In 2015, American institutions received more than 520,000 applications from abroad. Only 65,000 students enrolled. American universities made offers to only one out of three applicants, rejecting over 346,000 students. At the same time, 111,000 students received the offer but decided not to enroll at a U.S. institution.

Transnational education programs offer new opportunities of absorbing the demand from international markets by leveraging technology and still offering value to "glocal" students who want to earn an international cre…

Why India should go beyond engineering and diversify with liberal arts education?

Here is an excerpt from my opinion piece "Want to save higher education in India? Go beyond engineering" published in The Economic Times.

In last 15 years, the expansion of IT sector has provided relatively bright prospects of upward social mobility for many families. While IT sector had been integral to the economic growth of the country, it has also boxed students into linear career pathways that start with competing for college entrance exams. Students are told that they can “study whatever they want, so long as it’s engineering.

I’m also a product of the factory line of engineering education and followed additional expectations by studying business management and working in IT sector. Only after working in IT sector, I introspected and realized that I am a misfit. In search of my passion, I moved to higher education sector in 2003 with a 25% cut in salary. After working for a few years, I came to the US to earn my PhD in Higher Education and formally learn about theory,…

Growth of Engineering and Management Institutions in India Stalls

Growth of engineering and management institutions in Indian have come to a screeching halt, confirming the trend predicted in my earlier posts--Engineering Pipeline: Disproportionate and Disconnected in August'09 and Indian B-School Bubble? in July'11.

The percentage growth in number of engineering institutions in India have came down from high of 43% in 2008-09 (academic year) to 3% in 2012-13. This translates into slowdown in starting of new institutions from 720 in 2008-09  to 105 in 2012-13. Likewise, for business schools, growth declined from 33% in 2008-09 to 3% 2012-13. In terms of absolute numbers, the number of new B-schools declined from 417 in 2009-10 to 82 in 2012-13.

This decline is a combination of two primary factors--weak regulatory mechanisms and profit motives of some private players. During the years of high growth in engineering and management institutions corruption in regulatory authorities was also riding high and many institutions were approved by ove…

Growth Statistics on Engineering and Management Institutions in India

Number of AICTE approved seats for student intake in engineering and management institutions in India grew by nearly 125% and 180% respectively in five years as compared to the growth of economy (Gross Domestic Product-GDP) by only about 50%.

Clearly, engineering and management institutions have grown at a pace much faster than the economy to absorb the talent. This in turn has created a situation of overcapacity, poor quality and unemployability of graduates.

Growth of engineering institutions even outstripped the pace of growth of IT-BPO industry. For example, IT-BPO industry grew by nearly 85% in five years as compared to 125% growth in engineering institutions. Given that many engineering and even management graduates go to high-growth, high-paying IT industry, this sign of overcapacity is troublesome and indicates that industry is headed for a major shake-up and consolidation.

Another troublesome part is that despite the growth of student intake of doctoral seats have not increa…

Indian Engineering & MBA Institutions: Growth Trends and Data

Number of engineering and management institutions in India have grown at an clipping rate of 19% and 16.5% CAGR in the period from 2005-06 to 2009-10 (AICTE). Likewise, the annual intake of students for engineering and management programs increased by 21% and 22% CAGR respectively in the same period.

However, Indian economy grew at a slower pace in this period. Indian GDP grew at a CAGR of 12% from 837 billion in 2005 to 1.31 trillion in 2009. This indicates that supply of students has outstripped the demand of the economy and hence there will be many more unemployed engineering and MBA graduates in the Indian labor market.

Further, given the lack of an effective policy framework and supporting professional standards, many institutions which started in last few years are of poor quality. Thus, the number of students in professional programs like engineering and management have not only been increasing at an unmanageable rate but also graduating with lack of skills. This is evident f…

Guru Mantra: Maggie Johnson, Education & University Relations, Google

Successful models of university-industry relations are very important in aligning competencies, fostering innovation and funding research. This week Dr. Maggie Johnson shares some of the initiatives at Google. Also see earlier interviews with Dr. Jim Spohrer, Director, University Relations, IBM and Dr. Ganesh Natarajan, CEO, Zensar.
- Dr. Rahul Choudaha

Dr. Maggie Johnson
Director of Education and University Relations

Maggie Johnson is Director of Education and University Relations for Google. She manages all technical training and leadership development programs for Google engineers and operations staff, as well as Google’s educational outreach efforts. She also manages the university relations area, building strategic partnerships with faculty and labs globally. Prior to Google, Maggie was a faculty member and Director of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Computer Science at Stanford University.

Rahul- What excites you about your role as the Director of Education an…

Guru Mantra: Andreas Blom, Education Economist, World Bank

Andreas Blom
Education Economist, Human Development
South Asia Region, The World Bank

Andreas Blom works as a Senior Education Economist in the World Bank’s department for Human Development in South Asia. He specializes in the economic policy analysis of human capital and creation of knowledge, and their efficient use in society.

Andreas works with the Governments of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan to improve quality, access and financing of their higher education and training systems. In his previous position, Andreas worked seven years on higher education, training, labor markets and public spending in Latin America and the Caribbean. He was part of a team that supported student loan agencies in Latin America, in particular in Mexico and Colombia. He authored several global and regional studies on the financing of higher education, student loans, labor markets, quality of education, and science, technology and innovation.

He holds a master degree in development economics from the Univ…

Guru Mantra: Dr. Raman Menon Unnikrishnan, California State University

Dr. Raman Menon Unnikrishnan is the Dean of the College of Engineering and Computer Science at California State University, Fullerton. He is active in teaching and research in the areas of Control Systems, Power Electronics and Signal Processing. He has been a consultant to several industries and governmental agencies, and has been involved in technical and professional education for industries. He is active nationally and internationally in the field of engineering education and engineering accreditation.

Prior to joining Cal State Fullerton in 2001, Dr. Unnikrishnan was on the faculty of the Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, New York where he also served as Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Research for the College of Engineering from 1989 to 1991 and as the Head of the Electrical Engineering Department from 1991 to 2001. He received his BSEE degree from the University of Kerala in India, MSEE degree from South Dakota State University and the Ph.D. degree in elect…

Engineering oversupply: More students headed for graduate education

I discussed in my earlier posting that India is facing a situation of oversupply of engineering graduates not only due to recession which has slowed campus recruitment but also because of the skills gap. Thus, while the demand side equation has slowed, the supply of engineering graduates has increased at a faster pace resulting in a bigger gap and unemployment among engineering graduates. I argue that this oversupply of unemployed and largely dissatisfied engineers will continue to boost the demand for master's level education in India and abroad.

Fresh graduates from engineering programs have three primary career options:
1) Employment
2) Higher Education - India - M.E./M.Tech. or MBA
3) Higher Education - Abroad - MS or MBA

Premier Indian institutions like the IITs are also facing the brunt of the recession and their placement numbers have taken a dip. For example, according to HRD Minister Kapil Sibal, number of students recruited by MNCs from seven IITs reduced from 3,031 stu…

Engineering Pipeline: Disproportionate and Disconnected

Engineering in India is an highly aspirational field of study and has grown rapidly in popularity. From 1997-2007, the number of AICTE approved seats of engineering grew from 115,000 to 551,000 (CAGR of 17% per year). The demand for engineering education mirrors the growth in the IT jobs starting late 1990s. Private higher education institutions acted in a proactive manner and contributed to most of the demand for engineering education.

However this expansion came at the expense of quality. On one side, there are reports of unemployment among engineers and on other side there are concerns of future unmet demand. Thus, there is a significant gap between what industry needs and what education is providing.

This recession has made the situation worse and radical quality assurance measures to address the problem of unemployment and skill gap. The primary reasons for current situation are:
1) Number of engineering institutions have increased at a fast pace
2) Demand by industry for engineering…

Balancing Quality and Quantity in Private Higher Education

In my earlier posting, I discussed about the high quality innovative model of ISB, which is a private institution and has not pursued local approvals from AICTE, but still managed to attain global rank of 15 in the Financial Times ranking. In contrast, the quality of a large number of the private higher education institutions in India, even after being approved by the regulator, ranges from pathetic to poor.

In the last decade, share of private institutions in professional education like engineering and management have increased to nearly 90%. But this expansion came at the expense of the quality (see International Engineering Education by Wadhwa et al.). Who is responsible for poor quality of higher education in India--regulators or institutions?

History suggests that when private players were allowed an opportunity to enter higher education, they misused it for profiteering from students. For example, the Chhattisgarh Private University Act, 2002, which gave state government power to…

Guru Mantra: Vivek Wadhwa, Duke/Harvard

Vivek Wadhwa is a senior research associate with the Labor and Worklife Program at Harvard Law School and an executive in residence/adjunct professor at the Pratt School of Engineering at Duke University. He helps students prepare for the real world, lectures in class and leads groundbreaking research projects. He is also an advisor to several start-up companies, a columnist for and a contributor to several international publications. Since joining Duke University in August 2005, he has researched globalization, its impact on the engineering profession and the sources of the U.S. competitive advantage. Detailed profile.

Q. What do you find exciting about your transition from business to academia?
VW. That I am able to make an impact. I have been surprised at how well my management, analytical and communication/marketing skills applied to academia. With the assistance of top academics, I have been able to perform and publish seminal research on a several topics. Each of …

Guru Mantra: Dr. Jim Spohrer, Director, IBM

"Guru Mantra" is the series of interviews where senior professionals will share their persepctives on a range of issues related to higher education with special reference to India. I am starting this series with the perspectives of Dr. Jim Spohrer.
Dr. Jim Spohrer is the Director of IBM Global University Programs. This program develops collaborative research and course/skill development projects with universities around the world, on topics such as nanotechnology, cell chips, supercomputing, cloud computing, service science. Formerly, he was the Director of Service Research at IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, CA. His work in the emerging field known as Service Science seeks to understand value-cocreation phenomena of service systems and networks. The field seeks to improve service quality, productivity, compliance, and sustainable innovation. As a founding advisor of the Service Research and Innovation Initiate, he works with global universities, governments, non-pro…

Education for the Service Economy

Indian services sector is growing and now contributes nearly 60% of the GDP with rest contributed by agriculture and manufacturing. There are institutions of formal education and research for agriculture sector. Likewise, excellent programs in engineering and technology have been long existing at institutes like IITs and NITIE, that focus on tradtional manufacturing and industrial sector. Ironically, there is no formal education that prepares talent for innovating and improving productivity for the service sector that contributes most to the GDP. Enter Service Science, Management and Engineering (SSME). The interdisciplinary initiative of SSME focuses on “the application of scientific, management, and engineering disciplines to tasks that one organization (service provider) beneficially performs for and with another (service client)” (Spohrer, et al.). IBM helped emergence of Computer Science as a field of study and now it is leading charge to help create Service Science. IBM Systems …