Showing posts with the label Data

Latest data and statistics on Indian higher education and new regulatory reform

Could Indian government transform the future of Indian higher education with its latest reform proposal of bringing two leading regulators under one umbrella? In a recent update, the  the Human Resources Development (HRD) Ministry which is responsible for higher education has proposed a new body--Higher Education Empowerment Regulation Agency (HEERA)--which will merge two leading regulatory bodies.

In its current regulatory structure, the two regulatory bodies--University Grants Commission (UGC) and All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE)--are often at loggerheads in terms of their jurisdictions and approaches. UGC is primarily responsible for universities sector while AICTE is responsible for engineering and business colleges which are affiliated to universities.

They both have gone through their phases of confusion and corruption. For example there was a tussle between UGC and AICTE on who has power to regulate technical education (engineering and business) in India. Then …

NAFSA research on landscape of third-party pathway partnerships in the US

A recent report released by NAFSA: Association of International Educators aims to understand the scope of third-party pathway partnerships in the context of the US higher education and the viewpoints of international educators on these partnerships. The purpose was to establish a baseline of evidence on an evolving partnership model with private providers for international student enrollment.

Dr. Rahul Choudaha of DrEducation was the principal investigator of this commissioned research project entitled Landscape of Third-Party Pathway Partnerships in the United States. He was also the principal investigator of NAFSA's previous research report--Bridging the Gap: Recruitment and Retention to Improve International Student Experiences.

Here is the related coverage:
New study explores US educators’ views on pathway partnerships, ICEF Monitor
US HE: quality concerns main reason for eschewing pathways, The PIE News
Perceptions of pathway programs, Inside Higher Ed
• Slides from NA…

Brand awareness and feeder partnerships critical for success with international student recruitment: Global webinar

Over 1,200 professionals from around the world registered to attend the global online discussion (webinar) on "International student mobility trends: Shifting recruitment priorities and strategies."   Around 37% of the registrants were from the USA, 12% from the United Kingdom, 6% from Canada and just over 45% from the rest of the world. Seventy percent of the professionals indicated that they have more than 10 years of working in higher education.

University World News, DrEducation and StudyPortals partnered to bring this webinar to a global audience. This webinar is the fourth in the series of webinars on international higher education organised by DrEducation with University World News. In total, over 4,000 people from around the world have registered for these webinars. Given below is the recording of the

Access the slides Related article - Brand is key challenge for international recruitment Related article - A perfect storm for international student mobility?

Rahul Chou…

Research on international student experiences: Special issue of Studies in Higher Education

Studies in Higher Education is a peer-reviewed journal with the 2015 Impact Factor of 1.222. The recent Special Issue (Vol. 42, No. 5) of the Journal focused on "The international student experience: voices and perspectives."

Mary-Louise Kearney and Daniel Lincoln, Co-editors, Special Issues write "the experience of studying abroad has moved centre stage, due to exponentially increasing student demand from emerging economies and to the global nature of advanced knowledge. Universities, for their part, compete aggressively to attract top talent and shore up their international rankings. The international student experience lies at the centre of this dynamic."

This special issue was coordinated by Tang Tang Heng of the National Institute of Education (NIE), Singapore as the guest editor. I had an opportunity to be part of the special issue by contributing the opening article that sets the context of the student mobility in three overlapping waves of seven years each.

Three waves of international student mobility explain the past, present and future trends

In my recent article “Three waves of international student mobility (1999–2020)” published in Studies in Higher Education, a leading peer-reviewed journal by Taylor & Francis, I have analyzed the past, present, and future of international student mobility from the lens of three overlapping Waves spread over seven years between 1999 and 2020. Here a Wave is defined by the key events and trends impacting international student mobility within the short periods of seven years.

Wave I was shaped by the terrorist attacks of 2001 and enrolment of international students at institutions seeking to build research excellence. Wave II was shaped by the global financial recession which triggered financial motivations for recruiting international students.

Wave III is being shaped by the slowdown in the Chinese economy, UK’s referendum to leave the European Union and American Presidential elections. The trends for Wave III show increasing competition among new and traditional destinations to at…

International graduate student career success: Institutional capacity and readiness

Growing or sustaining international student enrollment requires enhancing the student experience and supporting their success, according to the recent article titled "12 Strategies for Building a Capacity for International Graduate Student Career Success." The article co-authored by Rahul Choudaha and Di Hu was published in the Spring 2017 issue of NAGAP Perspectives. With more than 2,000 members, NAGAP, The Association for Graduate Enrollment Management exclusively focuses on professionals working in the graduate enrollment management environment.

Given below is the excerpt of the article. Click here to access the full article.

International graduate students’ decision to study abroad is influenced by an interplay of financial investment and potential career opportunities. This is evident from the importance of funding opportunities like scholarships and assistantships in students’ search criteria. Likewise, it is well established that the prospects of finding job and inter…

Impact of temporary ban on seven Muslim countries on international students

The overall impact of the recent ban on seven Muslim countries could be severe for enrollments at many higher education institutions. It will sharply drop the number of international students not only from these countries but other Muslim majority countries too like Saudi Arabia and Turkey. Iran, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia were among top-15 places of origin sending international students in 2015/16, according to IIE.

Saudi Arabia, a key market for the US was already witnessing the drop in enrollment due to a cut in the Saudi government's scholarship program. The domino effect of this ban will further result in a precipitous decline of students from Saudi. Intensive English Programs and undergraduate programs are likely to suffer from enrollment decline in students from Saudi and Kuwait.

The ban will especially hurt graduate schools as a majority of the students from the seven banned countries and other Muslim countries like Turkey which were primarily enrolled in graduate level prog…

Number of international students on Optional Practical Training in the USA: Analysis of data and trends

One of the leaked draft executive orders on Vox focuses on limiting legal immigration. It is entitled "Protecting American Jobs and Workers by Strengthening the Integrity of Foreign Worker Visa Programs." Among its several provisions are the employment-based visas and Optional Practical Training (OPT). It states:

(iv) consider ways to make the process for allocating H-1B visas more efficient and ensure that beneficiaries of the program are the best and the brightest;

(vii) propose for notice and comment a regulation that would reform practical training programs for foreign students to prevent the disadvantaging of U.S. students in the workforce, better protect U.S. and foreign workers affected by such programs, restore the integrity of student visa programs, ensure compliance, and improve monitoring of foreign students

Vox reports that this order could "...reverse Obama’s extension of the duration of Optional Practical Training work visas and decision to allow the spouses…

Latest data on international students: Comparing US and UK enrollment trends

International student market in entering a phase of hyper-competition and turbulence. With the changing political contexts, the top two destinations for international students--US and UK--are experiencing challenges in maintaining their attractiveness.

At the institutional level, universities and colleges with the global brand recognition and rankings will face limited challenges while the majority of the institutions will struggle to recruit international students and meet their enrollment goals.

I have analyzed the data from HESA, UK and IIE, US for 2015-16 enrollment. Here are some of the inferences based on the comparative analysis of the international student mobility data:
American higher education institutions are more dependent on China and India as compared to British institutions US and UK have witnessed contrasting trends with at least four places of origin—India, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria and Hong Kong The growth rate for Chinese students in the US far outstrips than in the UK …

Trends with Chinese students in American business schools and specialized master's programs

Many American Business Schools are increasingly relying on international students to meet their enrollment goals. I was quoted in a recent story highlighting that Chinese students constitute 40% of total enrollment at Johns Hopkins Carey Business School.

I analyzed the data of Chinese GMAT test-takers to see the growth trends. The number of Chinese citizens taking GMAT test increased by 22% to reach 70,744 between the testing year (TY) 2012 to 2016, according to GMAC or Graduate Management Admissions Council During the same five years, the growth for Chinese test-takes residing in China grew at a slower pace of 13% to reach 50.465 test-takers.

The difference in the number of GMAT test-takers who are Chinese residents from those who are Chinese citizens is the number of Chinese GMAT test takers from overseas. There were 20,279 such students in TY2016. The number of GMAT test-takers increased at a much faster rate of 48% (TY 2012-2016) for Chinese students who were overseas. These more …

Data on mobility of international students to and from India

How many Indian students go to study abroad every year? How many international students come to study in Indian universities and colleges?

It is often reported in media that somewhere between 200,000 -400,000 Indian students go abroad every year. It is incorrect due to misinterpretation of the data. The UNESCO Institute of Statistics reports enrollment data on degree-seeking internationally mobile students.

According to the last data available for 2014, nearly 234,00 Indian students were enrolled in different parts of the world. Here enrollment refers to students in various stages of their educational program and not just the first year students (new enrollment). Assuming that majority of the Indian students are pursuing two-year master's program, the total number of students going abroad every year will be around 100,000.

Most of the international students studying in Indian universities and colleges come from the neighboring countries inAsia and the Middle East. Given that India…

AIEC conference invited session: International student mobility trends and implications for institutional strategies

I was invited to speak at the recent Australian International Education Conference (AIEC) in Melbourne. More than 1,500 international education professionals from around the world convened at the conference.

One of the key messages of my session on “Three Megatrends Shaping the Future of International Student Mobility” was that the number of students seeking global educational experiences will continue to increase. However, sustainable growth will require a deeper understanding of shifting profiles, needs, and expectations of international students.

International students take their global experiences and educational credentials as a pathway to advancing their career and improving their life. Moreover, career and employability outcomes in the host country through immigration or on return to home country are among the most important motivations to study abroad.

Several sessions at AIEC conference suggest that Australia has already recognized the value of career outcomes for internation…

How many students from India, China and Korea study in the US for business and management programs?

One out of every five international students in the U.S. is enrolled in Business/Management programs. The number of international students in undergraduate (associate's and bachelor's) and graduate (master's and doctoral) programs increased by 36% from 145,514 in 2009/10 to 197,258 in 2014/15, according to IIE Open Doors data. This data indicates total enrollment across the duration of the programs and not annual new intake.
The share of top-3 countries of origin--China, India, and S. Korea--among all international students in Business/Management programs grew from 41% (59,329) to 53% (105,429). This growth was driven by China which grew by 160% in contrast to 11% and 13% decline for India and S. Korea.
The majority of the Indian students are in master's-level programs. Many are also in specialized master's programs like MS in Management and not an MBA. Based on the total enrollment of about 16,000 students in 2014/15, I would estimate that annual intake of new MB…

Enrollment of international students in US universities and colleges up by 67 percent since 2001/02

The data shows that between 2001/02 and 2014/15, the number of international students in the U.S. universities and colleges increased by 67% to reach nearly 975,000 students. This shows the post-9/11 resilience of the U.S. higher education institutions among international students.

Here are some of the highlights of the growth:

Five places of origin–China, India, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, and Vietnam–experienced a growth of over 100 percent. Only two places of origin–Taiwan and Japan–experienced a decline in enrollment. Top 10 places of origin for 2014/15 added 376,382 more international students as compared to 2001/02. 

The growth in international student enrollment was led by highly-ranked institutions which were already attracting a large number of international students. Here are the highlights:

Three universities–Arizona State University, Northeastern University and the University of California, Los Angeles–expanded international enrollment by over 200 percent.The University of Sout…

Forbes: Data on enrollment and revenue growth trends at public research universities (Big Ten)

How has enrollment, tuition, and revenue at Big Ten Public universities changed between 2007/08 and 2014/15? Data on international student enrollment shows that these leading universities have experienced a much faster rate of growth as compared to the national average. Given the high rankings and extensive history, these universities have a strong brand recognition among international students. Post-recession, while Big Ten universities have increased non-resident tuition they have managed to continue to attract international students. Is this growth sustainable?

Here is an interactive chart showing actual undergraduate tuition and international student enrollment for 2007/08 and 2014/15. (Tip: click drop-down under "size" to see the bubble sizes proportionate to revenue). This analysis is based on our recent "Big Ten Universities Become Bigger with International Students" article published in Forbes.

The number of international students in the U.S. universities a…

What will be the impact of Brexit on international student mobility?

The impact of Brexit on the global student mobility is going to be far reaching. With nearly 10% market share of globally mobile students, the United Kingdom is the second largest destination for international students. British higher education institutions enrolled 436,585 students in 2014. These international students formed nearly one out of every six student enrolled in the UK.

One of the prime reason for the growth in international student enrollment had been the mobility within Europe. In addition to quality, proximity, lower of cost education for EU students and common European Higher Education Area supported the growth of EU students which formed 29% of all international students in the UK. EU students were more likely to enroll in undergraduate degree programs.

Non-EU countries form 71% of international students. In last few years, the numbers of international students from non-EU countries have been stagnating on declining. For example, the number of Indian students coming t…

NAFSA research on landscape of pathway partnerships with DrEducation

We at DrEducation are pleased to undertake a commissioned research for NAFSA on an emerging trend of recruiting international students through Pathway partnerships.

[Update: Final research report is available for download from NAFSA website]

The process of considering and implementing pathway partnerships has implications for campus stakeholders in different roles, including recruitment and admissions, academic services, and related support services.

In the first phase, the research analyzed publicly available data of 45 higher education institutions partnering with eight pathway providers. A working definition was developed along with a broad typology of pathway providers. The research examined key characteristics of institutions engaged in pathway relationships.

The next phase of the research will examine the complexity and diversity of decision-making processes related to pathway partnerships by taking a deeper dive into rationales, considerations and experiences of international e…

Webinar on transnational education: Recording of the online discussion with global experts

A global discussion on "Transnational Education: Growth at the Expense of Quality" hosted by University World News--an online publication focused on global higher education--in partnership with DrEducation received nearly 1,000 registrations from across the international higher education scene.

The panel discussion was led by Rahul Choudaha, PhD, Principal Researcher & CEO, DrEducation with following experts:

• Nigel Healey, PhD, Pro-Vice-Chancellor (International) and Head of College, Nottingham Trent University
• Jason E. Lane, PhD, Vice Provost for Academic Planning and Strategic Leadership and Senior Associate Vice Chancellor, State University of New York
• Elizabeth J. Stroble, PhD, President, Webster University
• St├ęphan Vincent-Lancrin, PhD, Deputy Head of Division and Senior Analyst, OECD

View the webinar recording below
Click here to access slides

If you already have the password, please enter it below.

Including international students in Graduate Enrollment Management approaches and strategies

American graduate schools are increasingly dependent on international students for meeting their enrollment goals. It is critical to deepen the understanding of diverse needs and expectations of international students and strengthen collaboration across decentralized institutional silos. Supporting international student success across their education lifecycle must rise on the agenda of institutional priorities.

Here is the link to my Forbes article with Di Hu "Growth in International Graduate Enrollment Calls for Support Across Student Lifecycle"

- Rahul Choudaha

What are the latest trends with international student enrollment for master's degree?

The latest report from the Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) suggests that the demand for American degree among international students is strong.

Only 1 of 8 international students who applied to study for a master’s degree or certificate succeeded in enrolling in U.S. higher education. The report is based on a survey of 351 institutions, which enrolled nearly three-fourths of all international students in graduate programs in the United States.

In 2015, American institutions received more than 520,000 applications from abroad. Only 65,000 students enrolled. American universities made offers to only one out of three applicants, rejecting over 346,000 students. At the same time, 111,000 students received the offer but decided not to enroll at a U.S. institution.

Transnational education programs offer new opportunities of absorbing the demand from international markets by leveraging technology and still offering value to "glocal" students who want to earn an international cre…