Trends, insights and research to inform growth and innovation strategies in international higher education.

December 17, 2015

What are the latest trends with international student enrollment for master's degree?

The latest report from the Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) suggests that the demand for American degree among international students is strong.

latest enrollment data of international graduate students in America

Only 1 of 8 international students who applied to study for a master’s degree or certificate succeeded in enrolling in U.S. higher education. The report is based on a survey of 351 institutions, which enrolled nearly three-fourths of all international students in graduate programs in the United States.

In 2015, American institutions received more than 520,000 applications from abroad. Only 65,000 students enrolled. American universities made offers to only one out of three applicants, rejecting over 346,000 students. At the same time, 111,000 students received the offer but decided not to enroll at a U.S. institution.

Transnational education programs offer new opportunities of absorbing the demand from international markets by leveraging technology and still offering value to "glocal" students who want to earn an international credential while remaining near home. This will require a deeper understanding of the decision-making processes and their motivations and barriers to study aboard.

Here is the link to my full article "The Global Strength of the American Master's Degree", published in The Washington Post.

Here are related articles which quoted me the analysis of the CGS report:

For international students enrolling in graduate schools, master’s programs rule, The Chronicle of Higher Education

Growth in foreign grad students, Inside Higher Ed

US: Three-quarters of first time graduate enrolees on master’s path, The PIE News

My doctoral dissertation was on developing a competency-based, new program for a master's degree in engineering and management. It was very insightful to see the CGS report and analyze the data broken-up by doctoral level and master's level for the first time.

Dr. Rahul Choudaha
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December 09, 2015

Investing in informed enrollment strategies and adapting to trends in international student mobility

US higher education enrolled nearly 975,000 international students in 2014-2015, an increase of 52% since 2007/08 or 350,000 students more in seven years. What are the underlying growth patterns and implications for institutional strategies? 

Looking deeper into the numbers, it becomes apparent that not all institutions have been successful in attracting international students. For example, 1 out of 5 international students is enrolled in just 25 institutions. Beyond these few institutions, majority face challenges in attracting international students. On the one hand, there are challenges of limited resources and expertise and on the one hand, there are constraints of location and rankings. Higher education institutions must invest in a deeper understanding of international student mobility trends with a focus on shifting needs, expectations and decision-making processes to build informed and sustainable enrollment strategies

Here are three charts from IIE Open Doors’ data that indicate growth based on the year-to-year changes in international student enrollment by academic level, source country, and type of institution.

  • Enrollment in master’s degrees drives growth 

In this post-recession environment, bachelor’s level enrollment increased not only because of interest from higher education institutions to recruit more full-fee paying students but also due to expanding demand from Chinese students, who were less price-conscious.

Masters, Bachelors, Doctoral International Student Data and Trends

In the last three years, master’s level programs experienced a growth in international student enrollment. In 2011/12, the enrollment at master’s level decreased by 1,100 students as compared to 2010/11. However, in 2014/15, enrollments in master’s degrees increased by nearly 30,000 students as compared to previous year. Indian students, who were less price-conscious and aimed for shorter duration programs, supported the shift in demand for master’s level programs.

  • India catches up with China 

In 2006/07, China added only 4,400 students more as compared to previous years. For next six years, China witnessed a rapid growth momentum. At its peak in 2012/13, China added 41,500 more students as compared to 2012/13. For next two years, China grew at a slower pace adding 38,800 and 29,600 students than the previous year.

China, India, Saudi Arabia, Korea Number of Students in USA Universities

In contrast, India witnessed three continuous years of contraction in enrollment between 2010/11 and 2012/13. This was when the Indian currency was devaluing, and US employment market was unstable. With Indian students getting used to the new normal of the cost of studying abroad and employment prospects in the US improving, India added 30,200 students in 2014/15 as compared to previous year.

  • Master’s level institutions become attractive 

While there are 300 doctorate-granting institutions and over 700 masters-focused institutions, according to the Carnegie Foundation, the number of international students enrolled in doctorate-granting institutions is nearly four-times than those at masters-focused institutions.

Carnegie Classification, Doctorate-granting, Master's focused, Baccalaureate College Foreign Students Data

The brand pull of leading doctorate-granting institutions has been strong enough to make them less sensitive to the recession. They continued to drive most of the enrollment growth. However, for last two years, master’s level institutions are picking up the pace. In 2014/15, master’s level institutions added 21,200 more students as compared to previous year. This growth correlates with growth in Indian students who sought affordable education at master’s level.

Conclusion
Although record high numbers of international students indicate the sustained attractiveness of the US as a top destination, the shifting trends and complex relationship with the macroeconomic environment highlights the importance of informed strategies to recruit international students.

At the same time, higher education institutions must balance their efforts in international student recruitment with investments in support services to deliver positive experiences and meet the diverse needs of international students. Sustainable enrollment strategies require the engagement of successful international student ambassadors.


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