Trends, insights and research to inform growth and innovation strategies in international higher education.

November 30, 2012

Management Education & GMAT Trends: India Recovering, China Growing

Number of GMAT test takers for the testing year 2012 (July 1, 2011, to June 30, 2012) increased by 11% as compared to 2011, according to GMAC. Testing volume hit the highest record volume  286,529 after facing decline in volume for previous two years. TY 2012 volume was 8 percent higher than the previous record of 265,613 in 2009.



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November 21, 2012

Big Getting Bigger: Large Research Universities Driving the Growth of International Student Enrollment

Just 108 universities enrolled nearly two-fifth of all international students in the US. These 108 universities are classified as "Research Universities (very high research activity)" by Carnegie Classification. In fact, these universities drove most of the growth in the last five years and increased their share from 37.7% of total international student enrollment in the US to about 42.5%. International student enrollment at these universities grew by 38% as compared to 23% for all institutions, according to IIE Open Doors report. Clearly indicating a trend towards "big getting bigger."

It is also interesting to note that two-thirds of the Research Universities (very high research activity) are publicly institutions like University of Iowa and University at Buffalo and not the private universities. This relates to the narrative of budget cuts in public institutions and hence higher acceptance of international students to meet some of the shortfall. Here is a related post of examples of dramatic increase of international students at some public institutions.



Dr. Rahul Choudaha
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November 12, 2012

International Student Enrollment Trends: China, Saudi Arabia and Public Universities Driving Growth

Yet another year of growth in international student enrollment in the U.S. according to the latest IIE Open Doors 2012 data.  This time growth is driven by two primary factors 1) who can pay and 2) who wants students who can pay.

Who can pay? China and Saudi Arabia
Number of students from China and Saudi Arabia grew by 47,906 as compared to increase in total enrollment by 41,044. This means that without the double digit growth of China (23%) and Saudi (50%), total enrollment in the US would have declined. Both these countries higher ability to afford foreign education.

While both these markets have common thread of growth and ability to pay, they differ in terms of level of education and sources of funding. For China, most of the growth is coming from undergraduate enrolled funded by students' family while for Saudi Arabia growth is at English language programs funded by Saudi government scholarships.


Note: IIE Open Doors has a lag of one year so, the current report reflects the enrollment of foreign students in the US for academic year 2011-12 (Fall'11).


Who wants students who can pay? Public universities (I know real answer is everyone)

Another important driver of growth have been proactive outreach and acceptance by large public universities. Post-recession budget cuts in state universities and colleges have become an annual affair which in turn has prompted many institutions to increase their focus on international students which pay much higher out-of-state tuition fee. These public institutions have a reputation to attract and absorb large number of international students. In particular, China and Saudi are becoming attractive to many public institutions due to students' ability to fully pay for the education.




(copyright) Dr. Rahul Choudaha



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November 06, 2012

Which are the Emerging Markets for International Student Recruitment?

World Education Services released a report entitled "Beyond More of the Same: The Top Four Emerging Markets for International Student Recruitment" co-authored by me and Yoko Kono. Here is the highlight of the report published in University World News.

International student recruitment has become increasingly competitive as institutional budgets continue to shrink. More than ever, higher education institutions are expected to recruit quality students in a short period of time.

Most institutions rely on traditional source countries to achieve this goal, as penetrating an existing market for enrolment growth is a less costly route in terms of effort, expenditure and time.

As a result, students from China, India and South Korea are overrepresented on campuses. On some, Chinese students make up over half of the non-domestic student population. This is the case at the University of Iowa, where Chinese students comprised more than 70% of international undergraduates in 2011.

There is increasing pressure on institutions to attract international students from a broader range of countries, as they look to diversify their student bodies.

A recent research report published by World Education Services aims to address the information needs of higher education institutions by systematically identifying key emerging markets and offering near-term strategies to successfully nurture them.

The research was based on a two-round Delphi survey – a mixed method forecasting technique based on the anonymity and expertise of participants.

The top four emerging markets

The report identifies four emerging markets for international student recruitment and provides comprehensive background information on each country. Here is the summary:

Saudi Arabia
With more than 23,000 students currently enrolled in US institutions, Saudi Arabia is and will continue to be an encouraging market, due to the extension of the King Abdullah Scholarship Programme to 2020.

US institutions that offer intensive English programmes and skillfully engage with sponsoring agencies have the greatest potential to recruit from this rich pool of fully sponsored students.

Brazil
Due to the launch of the Brazil Scientific Mobility Programme, US institutions can expect a healthy flow of nearly 50,000 Brazilian students enrolling in short-term programmes over the next four years. Institutions that effectively differentiate themselves from competitors can capitalise on this market opportunity.

Vietnam
High recruitment potential is attributable to Vietnam’s growing middle-class and strong study abroad interest. Vietnamese students are the third largest body of international students at American community colleges. Institutions of higher education that identify and reach Vietnamese students with the financial means to study in the US should enjoy a good deal of recruiting success in the coming years.

Turkey
Opportunities to recruit from Turkey are primarily from its graduate market and dual degree programmes. Turkey is recognised as a tough market to develop, but one with a lot of potential. Higher education institutions can overcome barriers by understanding the preferences and academic needs of Turkish student segments.

Portfolio approach to international recruitment

One of the key recommendations of the report is that institutions should consider adopting a portfolio approach to international recruitment, to mitigate the challenges that emerging markets pose.

Institutions that build a portfolio of countries to diversify their student body reduce financial risks and remain competitive. As mentioned, the emerging markets that institutions should target for their near-term recruitment efforts are Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Vietnam and Turkey.

The growth potential of these emerging markets along with the high volume countries like China, India and South Korea, offers a more balanced and de-risked outreach strategy.

While emerging markets present opportunities and potential for enrolment growth, they also pose corresponding challenges and uncertainties. To this end, the report recommends a portfolio of practices to help institutions cultivate emerging markets.

For example, institutions should leverage their institutional competitive advantage by developing relationships with organisations that fund and-or administer overseas scholarships (for example, the Saudi Arabian Cultural Mission).

Likewise, institutions should engage with current and former students from emerging markets as brand ambassadors, particularly through social media. This represents a low-cost approach of experimenting with emerging markets and student segments, and then working on one or more in a concerted manner.

In closing, institutions need to recognise the risk of over-relying on a few countries to achieve their international recruitment goals. This over-reliance may not only adversely affect the diversity of the international student body on campus but also the financial health of some institutions.

It is imperative for higher education institutions to have a proactive and informed strategy to de-risk their efforts and prepare for the changing context of international student recruitment from emerging markets.

Dr. Rahul Choudaha
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